Gums, also called ‘gingiva’ are tissues surrounding the teeth and alveolar bone. If you have healthy gums, they will look pink and firm, whereas signs of unhealthy gums include redness & swelling. Unhealthy gums would also often bleed on brushing & flossing. GUM DISEASES When the mouth is not cleaned properly and is not taken care of, ‘plaque’builds up around the teeth. Plaque is a soft sticky layer that is filled with bacteria.This bacteria in the plaque, attacks the tooth & gums, causing tooth decay and gum diseases. The earliest stage of gum disease is called Gingivitis, which causes the gums to become inflamed, swollen and red.Gingivitis is a reversible damage and the symptoms can be quite mild. It can be healed with proper oral care.However, if left untreated, it can worsen and lead to a more serious condition called’Periodontitis’.In Periodontitis, the gums and bone that holds the teeth in place becomes severely weakened and the bacteria releases toxic substances that degrades the gums and jaw bone. The result is swollen painful, bleeding gums and eventual tooth loss.
TIPS FOR HEALTHY GUMS & TEETH
Periodontitis is caused by poor dental hygiene where the brushing is not properly done, as a result of which, hard to reach places in the mouth develop plaque. So the number one tip for healthy gums and teeth is gentle brushing twice a day, for a good two minutes with a soft bristled toothbrush and a good fluoride toothpaste.Gentle circular movements cleans the teeth and gums move efficiently than the back & forth motion .Using electronic toothbrushes is always better than the manual ones.
Floss gently in between your teeth daily before brushing. 3.Regular dental cleaning & scaling every six months !That will get your mouth rid of any plaque and tartar deposits and symptoms can be dealt with before they become serious.
Use a therapeutic / antiseptic mouthwash once or twice a day.
Quit chewing tobacco.
Increase the intake of Vitamin-C, Iron, Vitamin-D and Calcium.
Saltwater rinses are very effective in healing slightly inflamed gums.
CAN BAD GUMS AFFECT YOUR HEALTH? Gum diseases are not just bad for your oral health, but they are also linked to some serious health problems in other parts of your body.
Bacteria from the mouth can enter the bloodstream / and may increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Respiratory infections such as pneumonia and COPD may occur.
Problems in pregnancy
Rheumatoid Arthritics So brush your teeth properly and take good care of your oral hygiene to keep yourself away from these myriad of problems!